Renewable Energy in India 2024| Current scenario of renewable energy in India| Sustainable Energy updates 2024| Largest renewable energy plants in India 2024

Renewable energy

Explore the latest developments in renewable energy in India for 2024. Stay updated with sustainable energy news and discover the largest renewable energy plants.

In recent years, the Government of India has accelerated its efforts to meet ambitious clean energy goals, the objective is to bring 50% of the country’s cumulative installed power generation capacity to come from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030 and achieving net zero emissions by 2070.

FY 2024-25 budget, sustainable financing to support sustainable energy growth is likely to prioritize areas such as distributed renewable energy installations and the localization of the supply chain.

Accelerating rooftop solar installations is expected to receive a significant increase in budgetary allocations, particularly in light of the recent announcement of a 23% increase in per kW central financial assistance for installations up to 3 kW under Phase-II of the Rooftop Solar Scheme.

Subsidies provided under Government of India schemes such as the PM-KUSUM scheme and bio energy program are crucial for enhancing the commercial viability of renewable energy projects. These subsidies facilitate the off-take, financing, and implementation of these projects, making them more attractive to investors and developers.

As of April 2024, the total installed capacity of renewable energy sources including large hydropower is 191.67 GW. The capacities for specific renewable energy sources are:

  • Solar Power: 82.63 GW
  • Wind Power: 46.16 GW
  • Biomass/Co-generation: 10.35 GW
  • Small Hydro Power: 5 GW
  • Waste to Energy: 0.59 GW
  • Large Hydro: 46.92 GW

India’s objective is to reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by under 45% by 2030, achieve 50% of its cumulative electric power from renewables by 2030, and reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2070. India is also aiming to have 500 GW of renewable energy installed capacity by 2030.

Solar technologies transform sunlight into electrical energy using either photovoltaic (PV) panels or mirrors that focus solar radiation. This energy can then be used to produce electricity or stored in batteries or thermal storage systems for future use.

The Bhadla Solar Park, spread across 56 square kilometers in Rajasthan, India, secured the titles in 2023 for being both the largest solar power plant in India and globally, boasting a capacity of 2,055 MW. Established through four phases starting in 2015, it has gathered funding from diverse channels, playing an essential role in India’s sustainable energy aspirations while curbing annual greenhouse gas emissions by a notable 4 million tons.

Pavadaga Solar Park, located in Karnataka’s Tumkur district, covers an area of 53 square kilometers, positioning it as the second-largest solar power facility in India and the third-largest globally, boasting a capacity of 2000 MW. Constructed in 2019 at an investment of Rs.14,800 crores, it holds the distinction of being India’s second-largest solar park.

The Ananthapuramu Ultra Mega Solar Park, positioned as the third largest solar power plant, sprawls across the Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. Covering a vast expanse of 32.07 square kilometers, it holds the distinction of being India’s third-largest solar park, closely trailing behind the Golmud Solar Park in China and the Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan, as well as the Pavagada Solar Park in Karnataka.

Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park

Location: Andhra Pradesh

Power Generation: 1000 MW

Area of Park:5932 acres

NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park

Location: Andhra Pradesh

Power Generation: 978 MW

Area of Park:7924 acres

Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Plant

Location: Madhya Pradesh

Power Generation: 750 MW

Area of Park: 1590 acres

Kamuthi Solar Power Project

Location: Tamil Nadu

Power Generation: 648 MW

Area of Park:  10 sq. km

Mandsaur Solar Park

Location: Madhya Pradesh

Power Generation: 600 MW

Area of Park: 2 sq. km

Ninth Largest solar plant: Bhadla Phase-II

Location: Rajasthan

Power Generation: 500 MW

Area of Park: 4400 acres

Charanka Solar Park

Location: Gujarat

Power Generation: 500 MW

Area of Park: 20 sq. km

A wind farm, also known as a wind park, wind power station, or wind power plant, consists of a collection of wind turbines situated in one area to generate electricity. The size of wind farms can range from just a few turbines to several hundred, spread over a large area.

Types of Wind Farms/Parks

  • Onshore: These wind turbines are placed on land and use the energy of moving air to produce electricity.
  • Offshore: These turbines are positioned in the sea or in freshwater bodies.
S. No.Wind Power PlantLocationMegawatt (MW)
1Muppandal wind farmTamil Nadu, Kanyakumari1500
2Jaisalmer Wind ParkRajasthan, Jaisalmer1064
3Brahmanvel wind fardMaharashtra, Dhule528
4Dhalgaon wind farmMaharashtra, Sangli278
5Vankusawade wind parkMaharashtra, Satara District259
6VaspetMaharashtra, vaspet144
7TuljapurMaharashtra, Osmanabad126
8Beluguppa wind parkBeluguppa, Andhra Pradesh100.8
9Mamatkheda wind parkMadhya Pradesh, Mamatkheda100.5
10Anantapur wind parkAndhra Pradesh, Nimbagallu100
Largest wind plants in India

In a recent interview with PTI, Union Power and Renewable Energy Minister RK Singh mentioned that the current installed renewable energy capacity is around 190 GW, with an additional 103 GW under construction, a total of 290 GW. Also, 72 GW is under bids, which brings the total to around 360 GW. In this way, India is ready to achieve the target of 500 GW renewable energy capacity by 2023 ahead of schedule.

Gujarat and Rajasthan each boast the largest renewable energy capacities at 27 GW. They are followed by Tamil Nadu with 22 GW, Karnataka with 21 GW, and Maharashtra with 17 GW. Additionally, Himachal Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh each have an installed renewable energy capacity of 11 GW.

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