Lok Sabha Election 2024 Current Affairs | General Elections 2024 Current Affairs| Powerful GK

Lok Sabha election

Enhance your competitive exam preparation with comprehensive Lok Sabha Election 2024 information. Stay updated on current affairs with Minikosh.

  • The Candidate should be Indian Citizen.
  • Candidate should be having the minimum age of 25 years.
  • The candidate should not hold an office of profit under the Indian government or government of any other state.
  • Must not be proclaimed criminal.
  • Must be a voter for any constituency in India.
  • Type- Lower House of the Parliament of India
  • Tenure- 5 years
  • President- Om Birla, from 19 June 2019 (BJP)
  • Vice President- Vacant Since 25th May, 2019
  • Leader of the House- Prime Minister Narendra Modi (BJP) since 26 May 2014.
  • Leader of the Opposition- Vacant since 26 May 2014
  • Seats- 543
  • Three sessions of the Lok Sabha are held in a year-
    • Budget session- February to May
    • Monsoon season- July to September
    • Winter session- November to mid December
  • Number of members of Lok Sabha fixed in the original constitution was 500.
  • The minimum number of members required to form a quorum for doing any work in Lok Sabha is equal to one tenth of the total number of members of the house.
  • In article 81 of the Indian Constitution, provision has been made for the formation of Lok Sabha.
  • Membership of a member of Lok Sabha ceases after his continuous absence for 60 days.
  • There should not be more than 6 months’ gap between two sittings of the Lok Sabha.
  • At the time during emergency, Parliament can extend the tenure of Lok Sabha for up to 1 year.
  • On the advice of Prime Minister, President can dissolve the Lok Sabha before completing its term.

The term of the 17th Lok Sabha ends on 16 June 2024. General elections have been held in India from 19 April 2024 to 1 June 2024 to elect 543 members of the 18th Lok Sabha. The elections has been conduced in seven phases tabulated below.

Seven phases
Picture source: Election Commission of India

Counting of votes has held on June 4 and also the results have been declared on 4th June 2024. After 10 years, no party has got the majority in the country. The NDA has got the majority but BJP has missed the majority. BJP has once again become the largest party in the country. It has won 240 seats in the election. The congress on the other hand, is leading in 99 seats.

Samajwadi party has emerged as the single largest party in Uttar Pradesh. It won 37 seats. While BJP has won 33 seats, Congress has also won 6 seats in UP. After Samajwadi Party, Mamta Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress (TMC) has achieved great success by winning 29 seats. The TMC has caused a lot of damage to the BJP in west Bengal.

Uddhav Thackeray has also got great success in Maharashtra. His party Shiv Sena (Uddhav faction) has won 9 seats in this election. His alliance partners NCP (Sharad Pawar faction) have defeated opponents in 7 seats, Shive Sena (Shinde faction) 7 and Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) in Bihar has defeated opponents in 5 seats.

Asaduddin Owaisi’s party AIMIM has won 1 seat. He managed to retain his Hyderabad seat.

BJP has made a clean sweep in Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Himachal and Uttarakhand.

About other parties- Indian Union Muslim League 3 seats, Aam Admi Party (AAP) 3 seats, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 3 seats, Andhra Pradesh’s Janasena Party 2 seats, Communist Party of India (Marxist- Leninist Liberation) 2 seats, Janata Dal (Secular) 2 seats, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi 2 seats, Communist Party of India 2 seats, The Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) has won two seats and the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference (JKN) has won two seats.

The BJP has suffered the biggest setback in the Lok Sabha election 2024. Because in both 2014 and 2019, BJP had won a majority on its own. But this time the BJP remained far from the magic figure of 272 majority.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi won the Varanasi seats for the third time in a row. However, his win in 2024 was the shortest compared to 2014 and 2019. PM Modi won this election by a margin of 1.52 lakh votes.

After Jawaharlal Nehru, Narendra Modi is second Prime Minister of the country who has come to power third time.

This was the Largest ever election in the world, surpassing the 2019 Indian general election, this is only the second time in the country’s electoral history when a Lok Sabha election has lasted for such a long duration. Along with the Lok Sabha elections 2024, there were also state assembly elections 2024 of four states which were : Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha.

4M- (Muscle, Money, Misinformation, MCC violations)

Article 324 of the Constitution of India provides for the constitution of the Election Commission of India-

  1. It consists of the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and other Election Commissioners (ECs) in such number as may be decided by the President from time to time.
  2. The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners be appointed by the President.
  • According to the Election Commission Act, 1991, the Chief Election Commissioner and other Commissioners hold office for the term of 6 Years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
  • According to the Election Commission Act, 1991, the Chief Election Commissioner and Election commissioners can resign from their office at any time by writing to the President.
  • The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed on the same grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • According to Election Commission Act, 1991, the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and two Election Commissioners (ECs) get the same salary, allowances and other conditions which are similar to that of a judge of the Supreme Court.
  • First Chief Election Commissioner of IndiaSuKumar Sen
  • At present, the Election Commission of India consists of a Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.

Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) are said to not only simply the election process but also make it reliable. The way it works is accurate and fast and it also makes the counting very fast. Most importantly, only one person can cast a vote, which eliminates the possibility of invalid votes. Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) were first used in the sate of Kerala in May 1982.

EVMs are manufactured jointly by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bangalore and Electronics Corporation of India Limited, Hyderabad.

Picture Source : Election Commission of India

Ans: 64.2 Crore

(Facts: India has created a world record with the participation of 64.2 crore voters, including 31.2 crore women, in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections.

According to Chief Election Commissioner Rajiv Kumar, this number is 1.5 times the number of voters of all G7 countries- US, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Canada.

More than 68000 surveillance teams and 15 million polling and security personnel were involved in the election process.)

Ans: 33%


(Facts: Reservation of seats for Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes in the Lok Sabha is related to article 330 of the constitution.)

Ans: 14

Ans: 489, 364

Ans: Members of Lok Sabha

Ans: Lok Sabha Speaker

Ans: Finance Minister

Ans: In Lok Sabha

Ans: Chandni Chowk

Ans: Election Commission of India

(Facts: Model Code of Conduct comes immediately after the announcement of election date till the declaration of results)

Ans: Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Ans: Anantha Shayanam Iyengar

Ans: 20

Ans: Lok Sabha Speaker/ Chairman

Ans: Lok Sabha

Ans: Speaker

Ans: President Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

Ans: GV Mavalankar

Ans: Question hour

Ans: Lok Sabha member nominated by the president

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